Top Travel Destinations Uganda and Rwanda
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Murchison National Park
This is the country’s largest Wildlife protected area whose palm studded grassland supports dense population of lions, Buffaloes, Elephants and Uganda Cob together with the localized Rothschild`s Giraffe and Patas monkey. Immerse concentration of Hippos and birds observed from the morning and the afternoon launch trips along the Nile below the spectacular waterfalls from which the park is named, named by explorer Baker and his wife Florence in 1864 after the president of the Royal Geographical Society; an Eco-system described by Winston Churchill in 1907 as `Kew gardens and the zoo combined on un limited scale`. Churchill hiked, boated and bicycled up the Nile. Since then, the park has seen many more other notables; Theodore Roosevelt in 1909, Humphrey Bogart, the prince of Wales (Edward VII) 1930 and the Queen Mother 1959. And today is you.
Kibale Forest National Park
With a lush of tropical forest and fascinating diversity of primates, Kibale forest National Park is one of the most beautiful and stunning forest in Africa. It is homes to the largest number of the human closest relative the endangered chimpanzees, the threatened red c monkey and the rare L’Hoest’s monkey. The forest has the highest diversity and density of primates in Africa totaling to 13 species including the black and white Columbus monkey, blue monkey and Gray cheeked mangabey, Bush babies and Pottos.
Semuliki National Park
Being a continuum of Ituri forest resulting out of the climatic upheaval of the Pleistocene, this park is one of the richest areas in both flora and fauna in the whole of Africa. It has 40 Congolese bird species recorded nowhere else in Uganda, 336 species of trees with 24 endemics such as Isolanacongolana, Nesogordkabingaensis and Ejacisguineesis, Nearby, is the spectacular Semuliki Wildlife reserve which abuts Lake Albert, one of the best localities for sighting the enigmatic swamp dwelling Shoebill Stork. Two hot springs are situated in the track of hot mineral encrusted swamp land, where visitors see a two-meter jet of 130 degrees Celsius hot water and a 12m diameter pool of oozing 106 degrees Celsius boiling water. You could actually boil an egg naturally within 15 minutes and eat it.
Ruwenzori Mountain National Park
This is a massive block of Precambrian crystalline rock faulted up through the rift valley floor rising to a snowy summit of 5109m above sea level which is the 3rd highest point in Africa after Mount Kilimanjaro and Kenya but the highest mountain ranges with snow throughout the year. Ruwenzori Mountain NP protects the eastern slopes of the glaciated peaks of the 120km long Ruwenzori Mountains, the mountains of the moon', a world class hiking and mountaineering destination whose significance as source of the Nile was first alluded to by the geographer Ptolemy circa 150AD. The mountain boasts of three montane destinations topping the 5000 meters mark all protected within one national park offering Africa’s top hiking and climbing possibilities; Margherita 5,109 meters, Albert 5.101 meters, Alexandra 5.083 meters while Baker is 4.843 meters.
Queen Elizabeth National Park
Set majestically in the shadow of the Ruwenzoris, this 2,465 SQ km enjoys a stunning location on the rift valley floor between Lakes Edward an d George of lush savannah where a mosaic of habitats offer prime grazing for 95 mammal, specialties include giant forest hog and the legendry tree climbing lions of the Ishasha and a checklist of 612 bird species that testify to the extraordinary ecological diversity of this park. `There still exists no better introduction or a more inciting invitation to visit the park`, Douglas Warlocks remarked in 1952 owing to the Parks great mammal density. This is because It has all kinds of habitat you could think of; open savannah, savannah bushes, thick bushes, thickets, forests, rivers and swamps, the big mammals include; Hippos, Lions, Buffaloes, Leopards, Hyenas, and the elusive giant forest hog. The primates include chimpanzees, black and white Columbus Monkey, red Columbus, red tailed Monkeys, Olive baboons and Velvet monkey.
Bwindi Forest National Park
Bwindi Impenetrable forest NP is a magnificent verdant swathe across the steep ridges of the Albertine rift valley, the ancient rain forest that survived the last ice age is situated in the south western Uganda on the edge of the western rift valley. It covers 331 square kilometers in size with an altitude range of 1160M to 2607m above sea level. The annual average temperatures range between 7 and 20 degrees Celsius with June and July as the coldest period. The steep forest hills will definitely camouflage the wondrous mountain Gorillas in the vegetation, to give you the inspiring moment that you have been looking for. This forest alone is a home to over 50% of 1000 mountain gorillas in the world. Just sitting in the forest among them listening to them grumble is amazing and thrilling as you marvel at the sheer size of the dominant male, the silverback. The forest enjoys a checklist of 346 species of birds 23 of which are restricted to the Albertine Rift and over 200 species of butterflies. About 324 species of trees have been recorded with 10 of them occurring nowhere else in Uganda.
Mugahinga National Park
his protects the Ugandan portion of the Virunga; an imposing string of nine free standing extinct and active volcanoes that run along the border with Rwanda and DR Congo. Mountain Gorillas are the major attractions in this park. It covers only 38 square kilometers, gazetted in 1991 adjoining Rwanda and DR Congo with an elevation of up to 3474m above sea level. Mgahinga National Park offers three extinct volcanoes for physically fit hikers: Mt. Sabinyo 3669m, Mt. Gahinga 3474m and Muhavura 4127m. Other tourism activities in the Park are Golden monkey tracking, Bird watching, Garama cave and communities walk.
Lake Mburo National Park
This is a special Park; every part of it is alive with variety, interest and color. Its sculpture landscape with rolling grassy hills and idyllic lake shore with a variety of mosaic habitats, forest galleries, rich acacia tree valleys, seasonal and permanent swamp support a wealth of wildlife. Its mammal diversity is second to none in western Uganda. It is the only place you can find the impala in Uganda and the only place you can find the Zebra, Eland, Oribi, Klipspringer Roan antelope in western Uganda. Surprisingly it has mammal similarity with Kidepo National Park - about 1000km away in North Eastern Uganda than Its neighbor Queen Elizabeth National Park only 150km away to the west. It is home a surprisingly an amazing diversity of plants and mammals. It has 68 different species of mammals, the common ones being Zebras, Impalas, Buffaloes, Topi, Eland, Leopards and Hyenas. The park enjoys a check list of more than 315 different bird species including the rare Shoebill stock, Papyrus yellow warbler, African fin foot, Saddle billed stock, Brown chested wattled plover, Caruthers’s Cisticola, Tabora Cisticola, Great snipe, Abyssinian ground hornbill and White winged warbler
Mt Elgon National Park
Elgon is a 4,321m high extinct volcano which in prehistoric time stood taller than Kilimanjaro does today. Although the mountain straddles the Kenyan boarder, its loftiest peak Wagagai lies within Uganda and is best ascended from the Ugandan side. Elgon is an important watershed and its slopes support a rich variety of altitude vegetation zones ranging from montane forest to high open moorland studded with the worldly giant lobelia and grandsel plants. The mountain supports a large variety of wildlife; Elephants, Buffaloes, Waterbucks, Oribi, Bushbuck, Leopards, Duikers, tree Squirrel, blue Monkey, Black and white Columbus Monkey and sported Hyenas however as it is in forest environments the animal are rarely seen. It is home to 296 bird species with 40 species restricted to this area. These include Jackson's francolin, Mustached green tinker bird and Black collared Apalis, Green backed pigeon, Hartlaub`sTuraco, and Tacazze sun bird. The mountain is one of the few places where the endangered lammergeyer can be seen soaring above the calderas and suam gorge.
Kidepo Valley National Park
Kidepo National Park is located in the NE corner 700km away from Kampala, tucked between the borders with Sudan and Kenya. It is Uganda’s most isolated National Park but the most magnificent wildlife National Park not only in Uganda but Africa’s finest wildness. The Park boasts of an amazing exciting fauna of any Ugandan National Park; a checklist of 77 species of mammals, several of which are restricted to Kidepo and Karamoja region alone. The restricted species include the bat eared Fox, striped Hyena, Aardwolf, Caracal, cheetah, lesser Kudu, Chandlers, mountain Reedbuck, Klipspringer, and quencher’s Dikdik. Other game includes; Lion, Leopard, Sported Hyena, Black backed jackal, Side striped Jackal, Elephants, Burchell`s zebra, Bush pigs, Warthogs, Rothschild’s giraffe, Cape Buffaloes, Eland, Bushbuck, Bush duiker, Defassa waterbuck, Bohor reedbuck, Jackson's heartbeats, Oribi and five species of primates including Kavirondo Bush baby. The Park enjoys an extensive bird checklist of 465 species second to Uganda's Queen Elizabeth National Park. It boasts of its Birds of prey of the 56 species recorded 14 are resident; these include Varreaux’s Eagle, Egyptian Vulture and Pygmy Falcon.
Jinja - The source of the Nile
The source of the Nile that alluded too heavily in the ancient writings of Ptolemy stood as one of the great geographical mysteries of the Victoria age. The desire to uncover this geographical holy creel inspired the epic journeys of exploration under taken by Dr. Livingston, HM Stanley, Burton and Speke. It was Speke on a pioneering 1862 expedition around Lake Victoria who first controversially suggested that a small water fall flowing north words out of Lake Victoria might be the legendary source spring to the mighty Nile River, a theory that was confirmed by Stanley more than ten years later.
However, the water fall described by Speke now lies submerged beneath the Owen Falls dam. But a visit to the source of Nile still remains a moving wondrous experience more so to those who have seen the same river as it flows past the ancient Egyptian Temples of Luxor 6000km downstream. Its crowning glory is Murchison falls where the world’s longest river funnels through a narrow fissure in the rift escarpment to erupt out on the other side in a crushing 43m plume of white water. The river below the falls is not less spectacular in its own way with its profuse of birdlife, thousands of hippopotamus and outsized gape-mouthed crocodiles.
Ziwa Rhino Sancuary
Ziwa Rhino Sanctuary; a breeding center for Rhino reintroduction into Uganda wildlife areas especially Murchison Falls NP, where its Rhinos were hunted to extinction. The sanctuary has multiplied the 5 brought in rhinos to the current population of 25. Rhino tracking take 1 to 3 hours, while tracking you have an opportunity to seeing a variety of savanna birds, Bush bucks, Hares and Mongooses.